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  Labelling
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On Labelling

  1. Q: What are the minimum labeling requirements for consumer      products?

A: All consumer products domestically sold whether      manufactured locally or imported shall indicate the following      in their respective labels of packaging;

  • its correct and registered trade name or brand name;
  • its duly registered trademark;
  • its duly registered business name;
  • address of the manufacturer, importer, re-packer of the consumer product in the Philippines;
  • its general make or active ingredients;
  • net quantity of contents, in terms of weight, measure or numerical count rounded off to at least the nearest tenths in the metric system;
  • country of manufacture, if imported;
  • if a consumer product is manufactured, refilled or repacked under license from the principal, the label shall so state the fact.
  2.     Q: What is the manner of placing labels?

A: Any word, statement or information required by or under     authority of these rules shall appear on the label or labeling     with such conspicuousness and render them likely to be
    read and understood by ordinary individuals.
    Labels should not be easily removed, detached or erased     under ordinary handling of the product.

  3.     Q: What are the labeling requirements in the principal display
              panel?

A: Trade name or brand name, general make or active     ingredients, weight, net quantity or size.
  4.     Q: What are the labeling requirements in the principal or secondary               display panels?

A: The labeling requirements are:
  • registered trademark and registered business name;
  • address of the manufacturer, importer, re-packer, re-filler or consignee;
  • the fact that the product is manufactured, refilled or repacked under license from a principal and the name and address of the latter;
  • country of manufacture (in case of imported products);
  • if technical or expert knowledge is needed to operate or assemble the product;
  • warning of flammability, toxicity or poisonous character, corrosiveness, when required;
  • information as to allergic reaction, when required;
  • in case of mechanical and electrically powered toys, the age of the child for which the toys are intended;
  • warning required in case of a product prone to cause an accident if not handled or used in the proper way;
  • warning required where damage is likely to result in non-compliance to the limited use of a product;
  • Philippine Product Standard Mark;
  • other certification of compliance to standards set by other agencies of the government concerning safety, quality, fill weight or measurement.

  5.     Q: What are the labeling requirements in the principal or secondary
              display panels or in the literature?

A: The labeling requirements are:

  • Warning and all the required information on flammability, toxicity, corrosiveness, strong sensitizer or allergy;
  • directions for use or assembly where the same is required;
  • all the required information on express warranties;
  • certification of compliance to standards set by a private organization or institution, whether in the Philippines or abroad or by an agency of a foreign government.

  6.     Q: When is the literature for a consumer product required?

A: Where the literature for a product is placed inside its     packaging, the seller shall provide the buyer with a copy     thereof for his perusal or examination at the time of purchase.
  7.     Q: What are the additional labeling requirements for certain                products?

A: The following are the additional labeling requirements:

  • If the product is flammable
  • If the product is toxic or poisonous, the label shall contain the word: "Warning: Poisonous" or "Warning: Toxic" or the accepted or required graphic representation of the same.
  • If the product is corrosive
  • If the product is a strong sensitizer or may cause allergy;
  • If it has complicated mechanical, electrical, or electronic appliances, equipment or products to be assembled and those needing further assembly shall contain the following information
  • If an electrical or electronic appliance or accessory may be used with a specific wattage, voltage or amperes, such wattage, voltage or amperage shall be embossed, painted, pasted or otherwise printed on the product without danger of getting easily erased or removed by ordinary usage
  • If the toy is mechanical and electrically powered, its label shall contain information as to the age of the child for which the toy is intended.
  • If a product is prone to cause an accident if not handled or used in the proper way, the label shall contain the following warning: "Caution/Warning: Dangerous if not handled properly" or words to such effect. If damage is likely to result from non-compliance to the limited use of a product, a statement such as "Warning: For limited use only" or words to such effect shall appear in the label.

  8.     Q: What goods are exempted from the labeling law?

A: Goods exempted are:

  • Newspapers, magazines, periodicals, and other reading matters are exempted because the contents or sample thereof may be inspected by the buyer upon purchase.
  • Consumer products which are further retailed in very small quantities by small stores or in public markets which by tradition are wrapped in ordinary paper plastic or used containers.
  • If the buyer himself provides the container for his purchase of a consumer product retailed in small quantities.
  9.     Q: What are the prohibited acts on labeling?

A: Prohibited acts include:

  • The words "No Return, No Exchange", or any other words to such effect shall not appear on any label or literature of a consumer product or on any receipt for the purchase of such product.
  • It shall be unlawful for any person, either as principal or agent engaged in the labeling or packaging of any consumer products to display or sell consumer products whose label does not conform to the rules and regulations of RA 7394.

 10.   Q: What is the penalty for the violation of this provision?

A: Criminal Penalties include a fine of not less than P500.00,
    but not more than P20,000.00 or imprisonment of not
    less than three (3) months but not more than two (2) years or
    both, at the discretion of the court: Provided, that, if the
    consumer product is one which is not a food, cosmetic,
    drug, device or hazardous substance, the penalty shall be a
    fine of not less than P200.00, but not more than P500.00.


   
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